Starting the business of growing and producing cassava for local consumption, processing for industrial use and packaging for export is a smart investment decision you can make as a farmer. Industrial processing of cassava
has a great potential for successful investment.
Local And Industrial Uses of Cassava
Cassava is a root crop rich in carbohydrate and present in form of starch. It is also eaten by many people in different regions of the country from Lagos, Abuja, Enugu, Owerri, Ibadan, Kano, and Port Harcourt to Calabar. Cassava can be used and processed into ruminant livestock feeds.
Products Made From Cassava
Cassava roots are also processed into:
==> Cassava flakes popularly referred to as Garri
==> Cassava flour can be eaten as Elubo, Lafun or used in the bakery industry for the production of bread.
==> Starch for industrial and pharmaceutical use
==> Glues and adhesives
==> Chips, ethanol and glucose syrup.
These products have high demands here in Nigeria and also for exportation.
Factors to Consider for Site Selection in Cassava Production
When you want to choose farm land to start a cassava plantation, ensure you select a site that is accessible, fertile and well drained. You can procure cheap farmlands from the government or from individuals. An acre of farmland should cost you around N150, 000- N250, 000 or N5, 000 – N10, 000 for lease. You will spend between N10, 000 – N30, 000 per hectare to prepare the farm land.
Best Cassava Varieties for High Yield
If you want to make good profit from cassava business, you should plant the following recommended varieties for their good yield and quality:
TMS 30572, NR 8082, NR8083, TMS 4(2) 1425, TMS 81/00110, TMS 92/0326. Ten new cassava varieties will be released soon.
Post-Planting Weed Control on Cassava Plantation
If you didn’t use a total herbicide before planting cassava, it is advisable to spray your cassava plantation with selective herbicide within five days of planting. 5 litres of Prim extra per hectare is recommended. A litres goes for N1500.
Types And Rates of Fertilizer Use in Cassava Farming
The number of NPK fertilizer bags to be applied per hectare of a farmland of cassava are given below:
NPK 15:15:15 ==> 12 (50 kg) bags/ha
NPK 20:10:10 ==> 9 (50 kg) bags/ha
NPK 12:12:17 ==> 15 (50 kg) bags/ha
The fertilizer is applied on the farmland in a ring formation eight weeks after planting the cassava stems. The rings must be 6cm thick and placed 10cm away from the plant. Ensure that the chemical does not touch your cassava stem or leaves.
Harvesting Cassava: How much tuber will my farm yield?
With effective practices and management, you should be able to turn out 25 tonnes of cassava roots per hectare of farmland.